Global Correlates of Cardiovascular Risk: A Comparison of 158 Countries

"The view of the causes and prevention of cardiovascular diseases (CVDs) has been undergoing fundamental changes during recent years. "

"Global Correlates of Cardiovascular Risk: A Comparison of 158 Countries" source

"Meta-analyses of observational studies and available clinical trials have not been able to find any reliable link between saturated fat and CVDs which has been the pillar of official nutritional guidelines for more than three decades. A decrease of CVD prevalence/mortality occurs only when saturated fat is replaced by polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs) which is more likely to be related to the beneficial effects of PUFAs on blood lipid profiles, rather than to any harmful role of saturated fat. Furthermore, even this conclusion was recently questioned and attributed to methodological flaws. On the other hand, we are witnessing growing evidence of the fundamental roles of carbohydrates and high glycaemic index/load in the aetiology of CVDs." source, read more